History and Culture

From Romans invasions to Turkish Pirates to the French and British occupancies. The numerous invasions have all left their mark on this island with a wide range of museums and historical attractions for you to discover

The presence of permanent human civilisation in Menorca can be dated back between 2500 B.C. and 2100 B.C and the first domestic megalithic structures built was the Naviform in 1750 B.C. There are 25 prehistoric sites in Menorca that were built during the Talayotic period that been identified as being of significant importance to the archaeological heritage of Menorca.

In 123 B.C. the Romans conquered Menorca which brought an end to the Talyotic period. The Romans built three cities Mahon, Ciutadella and Sanisera, located on the northern coast around the natural port of Sanitja. You can visit the remains of a Roman built Christian Basilicas at Son Bou and Fornás de Torelló which has a stunning mosaic floor pattern.

Over the next few centuries Menorca was invaded by numerous cultures such as The Vandals an East Germanic Tribe, the Muslims who inhabited most of Spain and Turkish pirates led by Hayreddin Barbarossa. During the period of Islamic rule the Arabs built Castle of Santa Agueda and the ruins can still be seen before being destroyed by Peter UV of Aragon around 1343.

The islands important strategic position in the Mediterranean, has led to a very rich and colourful history and the island has suffered numerous invasions which have all impacted and helped develop a Menorcan culture that is rich in heritage. From the beginning of the 18th century through to and 19th the island went through numerous invasions and rule including the English, French and Spanish. The British rule, made a significant influence in its cultural and have definitely left a lasting impression, in its language, architecture, cuisine and children’s games.

Attractions well worth a visit include the British built Fort Marlborough in 1726, Sant Felipe castle built by the Spanish and rebuilt by the British in the 1760’s and Fortress of Isabel II on La Mola started by the British but never completed. Also worth a visit are numerous Coastal defence towers built during the 18th century to help defend the island.

The religion in Menorca is predominantly Christianity and the remains of the first few church’s Roman basilicas can still be seen in Son Bou and Fornás de Torelló. The stunning Cathedral of Menorca situated in the old town of Ciutadella dates back to 1287, built by orders of King Alfonso III and is a wonderful example of Catalan gothic architecture.

The museums in Menorca will help you discover more information about the history of the island and its cultural influences. The Military Museum in Es Castell has numerous exhibitions detailing Menorca’s history from prehistoric times right through until the 20th century and the Museum of Menorca located in a 15th monastery in Mahon is also well worth a visit for its rare prehistoric and ancient roman collections.

Our Highlights...

Monte Toro

Mont Toro in Menorca is the island's highest point and offers breathtaking panoramic views of the surrounding landscape.

Menorca Gin Distillery

Visit the Gin distillery located at Mahon’s harbour, the famous Menorca gin dates back to the 18th century.

Fishermens Village

The Fishermen's Village in Menorca is a charming coastal community that preserves its traditional fishing village ambiance.

Cala Coves

Cala Coves in Menorca is a unique coastal site known for its ancient cliffside burial caves, offering a fascinating glimpse into the island's history.


One of the largest and most accessible prehistoric settlements on the island, dating back to around 1000 BC.

Naveta Des Tudons

Built approximately 3000 years ago the Naveta is a type of funeral monument.

Torre d’en Galmes

Torre d’en Galmes is the largest talayotic settlement and dates back to 1400 BC. The site contains well-preserved buildings as well as three talayots and a good-sized taula.

Torralba den Salort

This settlement has an impressive standing taula reaching to 5 metres in height as well as two outstanding talayots, caves and building remains.

Talati de Dalt

Talati de dalt is the most popular settlement on the island it contains an unusual elliptical-base conical talayot, a large leaning taula, and several dwellings as well as well preserved defensive wall.

Cova d’en Xoroi

Sa Cova d`en Xoroi is located in the south coast resort of Cala en Porter. Cova d’en Xoroi used to be a prehistoric dwelling but has been made into a stunning and elegant bar and night club.

La Mola

A massive 19th-century fortress located at the entrance to the harbor of Mahón in Menorca, built by the Spanish between 1848 and 1875.

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